Qorrect https://blog.qorrectassess.com Blog Wed, 12 Feb 2020 15:19:24 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.3.2 https://blog.qorrectassess.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/cropped-qorrect-logo-1-150x150.png Qorrect https://blog.qorrectassess.com 32 32 Exams Best Practices for Computerized Assessment in Egyptian Universities https://blog.qorrectassess.com/exams-best-practices-for-qorrect-software-assessment-in-egyptian-universities/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/exams-best-practices-for-qorrect-software-assessment-in-egyptian-universities/#respond Thu, 30 Jan 2020 15:58:21 +0000 https://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=285 Here are some of the best practices that will make preparing for assessment in Egyptian universities conducted with Qorrect assessment system super easy and effortless (check out our “2019 in Brief: Academic Assessment Software in Egyptian Universities“). Source: The Medicportal Many Egyptian universities have recently adopted Qorrect, the assessment system Dr. Khaled Abd El Ghaffar, …

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Here are some of the best practices that will make preparing for assessment in Egyptian universities conducted with Qorrect assessment system super easy and effortless (check out our “2019 in Brief: Academic Assessment Software in Egyptian Universities“).

computer assessment in Egyptian universities

Source: The Medicportal

Many Egyptian universities have recently adopted Qorrect, the assessment system Dr. Khaled Abd El Ghaffar, the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, has commended last year.

It’s worth mentioning that the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research has personally supervised the unified computerized test successful trial with the attendance of over 3000 students in 21 medicine faculties in Egypt, March 2019. The trial was held as a first step towards the actual implementation of computerized testing in all Egyptian faculties and education institutions soon.

This system allows for creating, managing, and grading tests as well as producing specified accurate reports based on these tests for later use (6 Answers to All your Questions on Computer Based Exams). But, what are the best practices that we can advise college professors and students with when preparing for using the computerized assessment system Qorrect in university tests?

First: To University Professors

  1. Preparing a questions bank for the subject you teach using Qorrect and adding a variety of questions into it will help a lot organize the assessment process and make it trouble-free.

This concept was already applied in the Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University as Dr. Manal Al Baramawi, the Deputy Director of the Assessment and Evaluation Center at the university, mentioned in Qorrect’s meeting with her after its implementation.

When adding questions to the question items bank, you will find that the questions can vary from MCQs, MRQs, matching, true/false, fill-in-the-blanks, and ordering to short-answer questions and even essay ones.

How to Create a Balanced Test?

  • The bank questions are what define the test’s set of standards. These standards are divided into the subject content, study curriculum (units, sections, and lessons), education objectives, students’ level of thinking and knowledge skills, the difficulty level of each question depending on how students answer it, time, type of questions, and authors.

balanced exams - assessment in Egyptian universities

For example, the university professor divided the curriculum into chapters, units, and sections in order to connect questions with the learning objectives of all lessons. This way choosing questions from more than one unit or chapter creates a balance in the whole test.

  • The bank will let you add any number of questions into it; it is limitless. In fact, whenever the number of questions entered into the question items bank increases, the quality of the assessment process and the professor’s ability to classify it, for example, increase as well.
  • In addition, Qorrect helps determine the test’s difficulty, something that was subjective before and was previously determined only by the verbal feedback the professor may receive after the test. Once the exam is over, Qorrect assessment system provides comprehensive reports on the level of difficulty for each question compared to the rate of right and wrong answers.
  • Qorrect for computerized exams is the perfect system for adding all types of additional data: images, figures, or even tables.
  • The system also supports mathematical equations and symbols, in case you are a science professor.
  1. The second step is creating the test and generate it, and you may do this through 3 different methods:number 3 - assessment
  • Manually
  • Semi-automatic
  • Fully automatic
  1. It’s important to double check the technological infrastructure of the faculty before each exam. This is a big part of the success of this process.
  2. Once Qorrect is implemented in your faculty, one of its team members will be available for 2 months at least there, part of the technical support Qorrect offers. This period may be extended as per request. So if you have any kind of question, you will have instant assistance.

Examination Time

  1. Before the exam starts, each student enters his/her password in order for all screens to be open to the exam directly once the time starts. In case one of the students lost his password, for example, Qorrect team will be able to easily fix this.
  2. If one of the students tries opening any, unauthorized, browser or program during exam, they will not be allowed; the screen will show the exam only. Moreover, most faculties using computerized exams maintain extra alternative computers in case of any sudden errors. In this case, lost time is to be taken into consideration by the observer and the student’s time will be extended for the time taken till another computer is up and running.

Second: Students

How Do I Prepare for Computerized Exam?

You don’t have to think much about the things you may have forgotten before any test, your pen, pencil, rubber, ruler, what else? In fact, computerized exams have come to save your time as well as professors’ time. Now you can save your efforts only for studying; there’s no longer any need for any of these tools when taking computerized exams. You may, however, need only 2 things:

  1. A clear mind.
  2. A strong memory.

Further, if you need to change your answer during the test, you will be to do just that before the time is over; editing is an all-time available option. However, do not let yourself to hesitation and counterfactual thinking, a concept explained by Roy F. Baumeister and Brad J. Bushman in their book “Social Psychology and Human Nature, Brief.” It is imagining alternatives to what already happened in the past or what is happening now.

brain - mind - assessment in Egyptian universities

This is something humans pass through sometimes. Both authors see that this manner of thinking greatly affects students during exams, especially during answering MCQs. A student, for example, may choose one of the answers and then starts doubting their first instinct and thinking that choosing another answer may be better.

The authors go on saying that some test preparation guides advise students to be cautious if they chose to change their answer: “Experience indicates that many students who change answers change to the wrong answer.” so our advice to you is to believe in yourself and be confident answering test questions; plus, do not let psychological theories and hesitation affect your answer if you are believe it is true.

If you study in one of the faculties that have chosen to start implementing computerized exams software, you are one of the lucky students! Faculties that have started implementing computer-based exams have made great efforts to provide high-quality specialized computer labs for tests, as what happened in Cairo University, Al Kasr Al Ainy, Al Demerdash, Ain Shams, and Benha University, the Faculty of Computer Science.

Through the computerized exams in universities system, Qorrect, you can know your result once the exam is over. Remember that implementing this system in Egypt happened in the first place in order to have balanced fair exams for all students and reduce the human error factor in grading tests, or eliminate it completely.

Modern technology may be only a tool; however, it’s a tool that we cannot do without in developing the testing system in Egyptian universities. Therefore, continuing to invest in edtech and evaluation and assessment software is the foundation of educational development in Egypt.

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2019 in Brief: Academic Assessment Software in Egyptian Universities https://blog.qorrectassess.com/egyptian-universities-adopt-academic-assessment-software-qorrect/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/egyptian-universities-adopt-academic-assessment-software-qorrect/#respond Sun, 05 Jan 2020 16:19:41 +0000 https://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=228 Egyptian universities adopting academic assessment software has been the most talked about topic within the halls of the Ministry of Higher Education and among academic staff in 2019.  2019 was not an exceptional year because it was only the end of an entire decade. It was also an eventful year that made Egyptian higher education …

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Egyptian universities adopting academic assessment software has been the most talked about topic within the halls of the Ministry of Higher Education and among academic staff in 2019.

 2019 was not an exceptional year because it was only the end of an entire decade. It was also an eventful year that made Egyptian higher education institutions skip years into the future of assessment development, using Computer Based Exams.

Throughout the past year, Qorrect developers experienced many significant and unique moments.

First, Qorrect assessment system was used in the first successful trial of a unified computerized assessment for 3226 6th year medical students in 21 faculties throughout Egypt at the same time.

The trial was held under the supervision of Dr. Khaled Abd El Ghaffar, the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Dr. Mohammed Lotayef, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Universities Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Universities, and a number of university presidents.

Presidential Decision: Egyptian Universities to Adopt Computerized Assessment

The statement of Dr. Mohamed El Tayeb, Assistant Minister of Higher Education, on the significance of computerized exams in universities made our end of 2019 a much happier one. In his interview with Al Shorouk News, he stated that the president has explicitly commissioned the ministry to implement assessment software programs in universities to prevent human error in exam process.

Know more about “Standardized Tests: History and Implementation in Universities.”

Moreover, Dr. El Tayeb revealed that the ministry has conducted unified exams for engineering and computer science sectors “like the unified assessment held before for the faculties of medicine.” 

He said that they, in the ministry, have now “finished writing the legislation that obliges medical graduates to do profession licencing tests.” We are very hopeful that this new law will not only benefit medical students but will also help add more value to graduates entering the labor market.      

Now, let’s show you the major moments that have led to the beginning of the universities and higher institutions race towards implementing computerized exams and assessment software besides what we have achieved in 2019 to support the Ministry of Higher Education’s directions.

It’s worth mentioning that Dr. Khaled Abd El Ghaffar and Dr. El Tayeb—previously—witnessed Qorrect’s successful trial of the unified computerized assessment held in 21 faculties of medicine for the first time in Egypt. 

They closely viewed the whole trial and followed up on it through a conference video call from the Supreme Council of Universities on March 7, 2019. We will later on elaborate on the events of this trial. But first let’s backtrack to the beginning of 2019.

1. January 2019: Qorrect Sponsors the First International Conference for Higher Education Development at Benha University

We started this year, in Qorrect, by sponsoring the First International Conference for Higher Education Development. The conference was held at Benha University on January 22-23, 2019.

Benah-university-event-2

The International Conference for Higher Education Development, Benha University

Benah-university-event-3

Dr. Azza Abdallah, Director of the Measurement and Assessment Center, with Mr. Ahmed Hassan during the conference

Benah-university-event-4

Dr. Naser El Gizawy, Supervisor of Scientific, Cultural, and International Relations and Development Projects with Mr. Ahmed Hassan

Benah-university-event-1

Dr. Alaa Abdel Halim Marzouq, Governor of Qalyubia, and Dr. Hussein El Maghraby, Acting President of the University, giving the honorary shield to Mr. Ahmed Hassan

Mr. Ahmed Hassan—Qorrect’s Sales Manager—delivered a speech about the features of the assessment system and its importance in creating and managing computerized exams. He also explained to the attending faculties’ members its series of success in several Egyptian faculties and institutions and its core functions.

On the sidelines, an honorary award was given to Mr. Hassan, Qorrect’s representative, by Dr. Alaa Abdel Halim Marzouk, the Governor of Qalyubia, and Dr. Hussein Al Maghraby, the University Vice President for Education.

Read “Computerizing Exams: Overview and implementation in Egyptian Universities.”

It’s important to point out that Benha University is considered one of the most significant Egyptian universities that seek developing the assessment process and raising its quality. In 2019, Benha university adopted the US number 1 program in autograding—Remark—to autograde exams in all 15 faculties of the university.

2. March 2019: Qorrect Assessment System Trial Success in 21 Medicine Faculties

3226 students from 21 medicine faculties throughout Egypt participated in this trial as a first step (17 governmental faculties, 2 private medicine faculties, and the Armed Forces College of Medicine).

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Dr. Khaled Abd El Ghaffar—the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Dr. Hossam Abdel Ghaffar, and Dr. Mohammed Lotayef following up on Qorrect trial

6-Ain-Shams-computer-based-exam-min

During the examination using Qorrect at the Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, source: Al Bayan News

7-Deans-suprvising-min

University Presidents and Faculty Deans closely following up on the progress of the assessment done by Qorrect 

8-Ahmed-Hasan-with-Dr.-Mohamed-min

Dr. Mohamed El Tayeb, Assistant Minister of Higher Education with Mr. Ahmed Hassan, Qorrect’s Sales Manager

The main objective of this was to experiment unified computerized exams, in reality, in preparation for implementing them in all higher education institutions as per the president’s directions.

After the success of the trial, Dr. Khaled Abd El Ghaffar—the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research—declared that this is a real opportunity for the presidents of universities to start training students on this model—Qorrect. This would be a start in order to computerize and unify all health sector faculty exams.

On the other hand, according to Cairo 24, Dr. Hossam Abdel Ghaffar, who attended the trial with the Minister of Higher Education since the start, commented that

“What’s amazing is not just that this happened even though we were upset about the troubles of the Internet… What’s more amazing is that this happened with the capabilities of Egyptian universities, Egyptian government employees, and an Egyptian programming company.”

He continued that this happened “with the participation of over 3200 student Egyptian students from medicine faculties that were not obliged at all to gather at the same time and take an exam that will not add to their overall grades, if not for the true desire for better learning and assessment.”

Qorrect-in-Ain-Shams-Univerity

Professors of the Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, with Mr. Ahmed Gamal, an accredited trainer of Qorrect, after the training

The success of this trial confirmed to us that academic assessment software systems are an essential step in our road towards higher education development.

3. May 2019: Sponsoring the First Conference of Measurement and Assessment, Menoufia University

In May 2019, we were honored in Qorrect to sponsor the First Conference of Measurement and Assessment, held at the Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, on Tuesday July 16, 2019, in cooperation with FAIMER Foundation, which is specialized in education and medical scientific research development.

The faculty adopted Qorrect assessment system to start automating exam creation, which makes it the first faculty in Menoufia University to take this step.

Menoufia-University-Event-1

Dr. Noha Azmy, Director of the Institution of Measurement and Assessment, and Dr. Gamal Dahshan, the Dean of the Faculty of Education, Menoufia University, during the conference

Menoufia-University-Event-2

Dr. Ahmed Gamal Al Din, Dr. Gihan Sadeq, and Mr. Ahmed Hassan, with the conference speakers

Al Bawaba News covered the event held under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Gamal Al Din, the Faculty Dean, and Dr. Gihan Sadeq, the Director of the faculty’s Measurement and Assessment Unit.

The attendees—Dr. Noha Azmy, the Director of the Institution of Measurement and Assessment, Dr. Gamal Dahshan, the Faculty of Education’s Dean, and many professors from different Egyptian universities—discussed different ways for assessment development.

The discussions also involved ways of assessment within the workplace and how to ask a large number of questions through edtech solution.

Menoufia-University-Event-3

Mr. Ahmed Hassan during his speech at the First Conference of Measurement and Assessment, the Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University

4. August 2019: Adopting Qorrect to Create and Manage Computerized Assessment in Tanta University

In August 2019, the Unit of Measurement and Assessment of Tanta University signed a contract with Qorrect to implement the computerized assessment system in 4 faculties in the university as a primal stage, for it to be applied in all faculties later on.

This comes as a prompt response to the Minister of Higher Education’s plan to computerize exams in all Egyptian universities soon. Further, this meets the unit’s target to raise the efficiency of the assessment process in the university.

Dr. Tarek Fayed, the Director of the Unit of Measurement and Assessment of Tanta University, and Dr. Manal Al Baramawy and Dr. Ramadan Maen, the Unit’s Deputy Directors, adopted Qorrect assessment software system in order to computerize exams in the faculties of medicine, education, law, and arts, a decision that was only taken after testing the system and doing a comprehensive study to make sure it is the best system.

Qorrect-system-in-Tanta-University-min

Eng. Ahmed Abdallah Adel with Tana University Professors during Qorrect assessment system training

On the other hand, Qorrect team held workshops to train professors at Tanta University on using the assessment system and recognizing its features and functions. During the sessions, several other things were explained, like how to create question banks and balanced tests and generate test results and reports analyzing these results.

5. October 2019: Adopting Qorrect at the Faculty of Economics & Political Science, Cairo University

Aiming at starting the process of computerizing exams as soon as possible in order to keep pace with the Ministry of Higher Education’s development plans, the Faculty of Economics & Political Science, Cairo University, adopted Qorrect system in October 2019.

Qorrect-in-Cairo-Univerity-1

Dr. Mahmoud Al Saeed, the Faculty of Economics and Political Science Dean, with Mr. Mohamed Haggag and Mr. Omar Salah, Qorrect’s representatives, after the faculty adopted the system

Dr. Mahmoud Al Saeed, the Faculty of Economics and Political Science Dean, received our representatives back then. He stressed that the faculty adopted Qorrect academic assessment system due to its many features that will benefit both faculty professors and students.

Qorrect-in-Cairo-Univerity-2

Dr. Hanan Mohamed, Vice Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Political Science, and Eng. Hanan El Geneidy, Director of Laboratories Unit, with the academic staff

Moreover, the dean said that the faculty aims to gain international accreditation, since it already received local accreditation. International accreditation requires the applying educational institution to have a computerized exams system.

6. December 2019: Al-Azhar Medicine Faculties All Adopt Qorrect and an Introductory Demo at Kafr Al Sheikh University

Striving towards computerizing exams in Egyptian universities, 6 faculties of medicine at Al-Azhar University decided that Qorrect will be their system of choice.

The system was adopted in 3 faculties of medicine for boys and 3 other faculties of medicine for girls, allowing all faculties of medicine at Al Azhar University to have computerized exams, following closely the footsteps of the faculties of medicine at Cairo, Ain Shams, Tanta, and Menoufia universities which already have Qorrect.

Kafr-Elsheikh-University-and-Qorrect-system

Mr. Ahmed Hassan, Qorrect’s Sales Manager, during a special introductory session at Kafr Al Sheikh University

At the same month, Qorrect did a presentation at the Faculty of Arts, Kafr Al Sheikh University, to introduce the system and its functions. The presentation had a wide number of attendees like Dr. Walid Shawky Al Beheiry the Dean, Dr. Emad Zayed the Director of the Unit of Measurement and Assessment, and many of the faculty members and department presidents.

It’s worth mentioning that Kafr Al Sheikh University is “gaining a reputation nationally as a research centre, ranking fourth among the country’s universities in international research citations,” according to Times Higher Education.

Features of Creating and Managing Computerized Exams Via Qorrect

Computerizing exams using academic assessment software programs in higher education institutions is necessary to turn universities and higher institutions in Egypt into smart educational institutions and staying in touch with the world digitization trends in the higher education sector.

Qorrect is an advanced system that helps educational institutions to create question banks and balanced computerized exams, it also supports over 20 different types of questions that are suitable with the educational objectives. 

Moreover, it allows you to add mathematical equations and special characters, figures, and drawings. It also helps deliver the assessment to students via computers, tablets, smartphones, or even printed papers (to be scanned and automatically graded).

Furthermore, Qorrect assesses tests and generates detailed reports of students’ results, analyzes them, gets you any student’s academic performance assessment within a few minutes only, and completely prevents cheating by easily creating multiple test forms and questions of the same exam.

Besides, it comprises many necessary standards for any balanced assessment like outlining its period, the number of questions, and its difficulty range. 

It also guarantees objectively grading tests, removing human error factor from the equation and accurately assessing student’s performance.

Finally, we invite all Egyptian faculties and higher institutions that have not implemented Qorrect until now to contact us in order to schedule free demos

Free demos are held at the educational institution with the attendance of the Dean, the Deputy of Student Affairs, or the Director of Measurement and Assessment Unit, for an introduction to how Qorrect system works and its unique features.

Sources:

  1. http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/2335209.aspx.
  2. https://bit.ly/2ZlYWek.
  3. https://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/4468177.

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6 Answers to All your Questions on Computer Based Exams https://blog.qorrectassess.com/6-answers-to-all-your-questions-on-computer-based-exams/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/6-answers-to-all-your-questions-on-computer-based-exams/#respond Wed, 18 Dec 2019 10:06:46 +0000 https://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=187 A lot of questions have been recently raised on computer-based exams in parallel with the President’s announcement of implementing them all over Egypt. This is why we have decided to end the year 2019 by dedicating this article to answer all your questions on this issue. Read our article on “Computer-Based Tests: 4 Challenges Facing …

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A lot of questions have been recently raised on computer-based exams in parallel with the President’s announcement of implementing them all over Egypt. This is why we have decided to end the year 2019 by dedicating this article to answer all your questions on this issue.

Read our article on “Computer-Based Tests: 4 Challenges Facing Egyptian Universities.”

computer-based exams - Q & A

1. What Are the Computer-Based Exams?

Computer-based exams are done using a program or a system that automates the processes of test creation, students taking the test, grading it, and getting its results and reports.

The Ministry of Higher Education in Egypt is making rapid strides to apply the testing system called “knowledge tests,” which will determine students’ qualification to join labor market in all of Egypt. This is an important step towards changing the testing system in general in all fields.

According to Alwatan news website, the President stated—in his meeting last week with Dr. Moustafa Madbouly, the Prime Minister, Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghafar, the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, and Dr. Amr Talaat, the Minister of Communication & Information Technology—that it is necessary to quickly take all preparations needed to apply the new computer-based exams system.

Moreover, he confirmed that training work teams and qualified cadres will enable us to well manage computer-based exams laboratories “in order to avoid human errors made in traditional exams system and reach the highest levels of quality in the educational process using international standards suitable for Egyptian faculties and universities.”

2. How Do Computer-Based Exams Look and Can We Try Them?

Computer-based exams have many forms that differ according to the type of their system or program, like Qorrect, which is now adopted at Al-Qasr Al-Ainy and the Faculty of Economic and Political Science, Cairo University. You will be able to have a free trial account or demo at any time from Qorrect’s official website.

3. How Do Qorrect’s Computer-Based Exams Work? What Are their Features?

The user, or in this case the university Professor, using Qorrect is able to create balanced exams that match the learning objectives, covering the whole curriculum, and get reports on students’ academic performance as well.

So How Does It Work?

  1. Qorrect allows you to make multiple test forms and questions for the same exam using different types of questions, e.g., MRQs, matching, fill-in-the-blanks, ordering, true/false, and short-answer questions.

One of the most important features of Qorrect assessment system is its ability to assess essay questions using direct grading—if you would like more details on essay questions grading, you will find them here in our article “Can a Computer-Based Assessment Grade Essay Questions?

 

  1. It allows students of the same faculties in different universities, throughout Egypt, to start the exam at the same time.
  2. Qorrect also allows them to take exams using several platforms: computer, mobile, tablet, or even paper (to be entered into the system later on by a scanner).
  3. The system grades tests and produces different reports on the results within a few minutes only.

4.  Computer-Based Tests vs. Paper Ones

Computer-based tests reduce students’ pressure and stress and save them from spending their time worrying about results. They also allow them to trust that their tests will be fairly graded.

Consequently, this will give them the opportunity to keep up with advanced education in other countries, develop good personal and academic skills, learn different languages, and open up to the world and all new advents.

Moreover, this gives them time to take courses in their specialized fields, in order to help build their future.

computer-based exams - personal development

Besides, many see that these exams will ease the way to get academic accreditation. This means that students will be qualified to work anywhere without having to study again.

As for college professors, training them on computer-based exams frees up their time spent in exam creation and grading. They will now be able to use their time on gaining professional advancement, something that never stops at any certain age (read “How to Help Students Choose the Right Career Path”).

Such advancement is not limited to answering the Egyptian and international labor market. It also covers the beginning of changing the whole educational process—part of the state’s educational plan.

We do this in order to let go of traditional education and assessment and reduce pressure on Egyptian universities and professors, something that will add to the value of our human resources in the near future.

5. What Do Students Think about Computer-Based Exams?

Research Gate published a research, last year, titled “Students’ Perceptions of Paper-Based vs. Computer-Based Testing in an Introductory Programming Course,” in which two groups of students were surveyed about their preferences of computer-based exams.

paper vs computer

In the research, the students said the following:

  1. I prefer writing on computer.
  2. I can copy and paste anything on computer.
  3. The teacher understands what I want to express and write more on computer.
  4. Computer-based exams do not allow for tolerance—for example, regarding the time of the exams.

6. How Do We Discuss Applying these Exams with Our Students?

We can approach the matter of implementing these types of exams with students by giving them a chance to try them by themselves. This is doable by having monthly trial tests using the system, in order to eradicate any fears towards it.

Furthermore, professors may encourage open discussions on them during lectures in order to recognize the challenges or fears students face and answer all their questions.

Check out our blog regularly to follow the best practices and the latest technological advancements in assessments. You can also check out our website to learn more about Qorrect Assess. 

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Can a Computer-Based Assessment Grade Essay Questions? https://blog.qorrectassess.com/can-computer-based-assessment-grade-essay-questions/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/can-computer-based-assessment-grade-essay-questions/#respond Thu, 14 Nov 2019 10:43:48 +0000 http://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=168 The implementation of computer-based assessment has raised a lot of questions regarding its ability to deal with essay question. This comes after the Ministry of Higher Education’s decision to apply this type of exams in Egyptian universities. Read our article on “Standardized Tests: History and Implementation in Universities.” In the middle of computer-based assessment’s debate, …

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The implementation of computer-based assessment has raised a lot of questions regarding its ability to deal with essay question. This comes after the Ministry of Higher Education’s decision to apply this type of exams in Egyptian universities.

Read our article on “Standardized Tests: History and Implementation in Universities.”

In the middle of computer-based assessment’s debate, its supporters and opposition remain left with the same question: computer-based assessment does not focus except on MCQs only, a type of questions that many see as a hindrance to students’ creativity. So, is this true?

Computer-Based Assessment - students

To answer this question, we must first determine the type of system we are talking about. There are dozens of programs and systems that we can mention which can offer computerized assessment.

Here, we will discuss Qorrect, the computerized assessment system, in specific, since it is considered one of the first unified systems in administering tests and assessing students performance (read about “Cheating in Exams: Psychology behind It and How to Stop It?“). Besides, Qorrect helps you have question banks with more than 20 types of questions.

What Are Essay Questions?

John M. Stalnaker, one of the leading figures in scholar tests, defined essay questions in 1951 as “A test item which requires a response composed by the examinee, usually in the form of one or more sentences.”

John believes that determining essays as right or wrong is out of the question. Judging their accuracy and qualities differs from one person to another. It depends on the person grading being a specialized one.

Importance of Essay Questions in Education Assessment

Many professors and researchers in assessment and testing see that essay questions differ completely from the rest of the questions.

They test students ability to come up with an answer instead of choosing it. For this, examiners use these types of questions, since they have the means to find out a student’s ability to think, create, analyze, and even judge and assess.

Qorrect was able to cover both of the following views in relation to essay question assessment.

1. First Opinion

There is science, and there is always what is beyond science: humanity. However we progress in science and technology, computers will always be lacking in feelings and human emotions, our very essence.

creativity - art

Therefore, this opinion’s supporters see that we cannot merely put feeling and complicated emotions inside a chip or a program.

Until now, there is no computer that can judge one’s aesthetic expression in an essay. It is ever-changing from one student to another. Savoring it depends on a collection of empathy, understanding, compassion, warmth, affection, sadness, and even anger, feelings that are what separate us from computers.

This is especially evident in faculties like the faculty of Al-Alsun, Arts, Education, and others alike. (Read “Standardized Tests: History and Implementation in Universities.”)

For more information on Qorrect, please press here.

Direct Grading

Qorrect computerized assessment system specifies a place for students to write their essays. Then the answer is offered to the professor to grade it. Qorrect takes a picture of the essay the student writes in their paper and then shows it to the professors to see it.

This way the college professor has a full opportunity to savor the essay artistically and literary, opening up a chance for the students to use their skills and creativity.

2. Second Opinion

The other opinion believes that man’s capabilities have no limits. We have made thousands of accomplishments and technology and AI have covered many different needs in all kinds of fields for many years now. That’s why we can never anticipate what’s next in technology.

For example, most of the research organizations as well as universities rely now on dozens of different developed programs to detect similarities in fear of plagiarism and text theft.

These programs read texts produced by the researcher or the author and then compare them with other previously published texts to guarantee copyrights, check quality of the text, and prevent cheating.

computer assessment - smell

Technological progress did not just stop at scientific research. Recently, a computer that was able to recognize smell was invented. Murthy, a professor of molecular and cellular biology, succeeded in training a computer to recognize neural patterns connected to different smells through specific algorithms.

Murthy’s computer was then capable of differentiating between any smell even if it is mixed with other ones. This experiment depends on the fact that every single smell triggers a neural activity that is different than any other pattern.

This is not far from the AI technology Real Eyes has. Real Eyes could read the emotions and facial expressions of people watching ads in an assessment of their quality.

In 2018, Real Eyes’ inventor, of British origin, was able to analyze one’s reaction to a famous Christmas ad in his country back then, by Elton John, the singer.

He found the result to be as follows: viewers were moved by the child showing at the end of the ad more than they were by their favourite singer! So, this means that the ad makers could have cut much of the singer’s scenes, since many considered them boring. Instead, the child could have had more scenes.

In conclusion, we cannot reject the idea that science and computer could one day deal with emotions, right? Now, comes the rubric system for grading essays.

New System: Rubric

A new modification is now the talk of the edtech community, rubric system, applied soon by Qorrect assessment system. The rubric system when applied will significantly change the way essay questions are graded, gradually. It is considered a futuristic step to be taken, but one that will definitely open the gates of an edtech revolution in essay question assessment.

What Is the Rubric System?

The rubric is one of the tools used to assess essay questions when using a computerized assessment. It mostly saves the professor much time.

Instead of hundreds of essays written by students, the professor will be able to pre-determine the sentences or answers that should be in the essay, so that the system can detect them and show them to the professor. The professor, in this case, still has authority to grade students’ essays. But the rubric is considered a step out of the box in essay questions in a computerized assessment.

What Is after the Rubric?        

Many people interested in educational technology look forward to an invention that would be able to grade essays completely with no human intervention. But applying such a thing will not be done so far without a very important factor. This factor is entering thousands of perfect, good, and passable essays into the system so that it can compare between them and grade future essays based on this data. This is basically how AI works.

Such an invention would be an out-of-the world program indeed! It will save a lot of hassle for college professors and examiners. So, what is the problem? What is stopping us from doing just that?

Peter Greene, a specialist in education, recently wrote an article in Forbes about just that. He says that such a program would be a big obstacle to essays. Who will decide which article is good and which is not? Who will choose the article samples? Doesn’t that bring on some sort of bias?

On the other hand, Peter says that this limits independency and freedom of expression. Using AI in grading an essay completely means that a good article is only good because it looks like several other ‘good’ ones! Doesn’t that shackle thinking diversity and our ability to discover new brilliant talents?

However, the future calls on us to work towards ‘what we think’ is impossible. If we go back in time tens of years, we will never imagine what we now have!

To know more about Qorrect, the comprehensive assessment system, please press here.

References:

  1. https://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/1794974.
  2. https://remarksoftware.com/products/test-grading/.
  3. https://testing.byu.edu/handbooks/WritingEffectiveEssayQuestions.pdf.
  4. https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1990-08-22-9003100241-story.html.
  5. https://www.researchgate.net/post/Can_technology_replace_a_teacher.

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Standardized Tests: History and Implementation in Universities https://blog.qorrectassess.com/standardized-tests-history-and-implementation-in-universities/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/standardized-tests-history-and-implementation-in-universities/#respond Wed, 30 Oct 2019 11:32:32 +0000 http://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=146 Educators, professors, and students are all eagerly anticipating the implementation of the new system of unified computer-based standardized exams in all Egyptian universities. This comes after the Ministry of Higher Education’s statements, since 2017, on administering university standardized tests (unified exams) as a condition for granting students profession practice license. So what do we know …

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Educators, professors, and students are all eagerly anticipating the implementation of the new system of unified computer-based standardized exams in all Egyptian universities. This comes after the Ministry of Higher Education’s statements, since 2017, on administering university standardized tests (unified exams) as a condition for granting students profession practice license.

So what do we know about standardized tests (unified exams)? Has that type of tests already been administered in other countries before? What are these countries and were they successful?

standardized tests - Higher education

Check our previous article “4 Ways a Perfect Assessment Boosts Higher Education Development.”

Above all, what is the relation between Qorrect assessment system and standardized tests (unified exams)? How does it help in computerizing exams nationwide in all of Egypt’s governorates? In this article, we aim to provide all the information you may need on this topic.

Table of Contents

  1. History of Computer-Based Standardized Tests and Its Development
  2. Qorrect: Higher Education Ministry’s Trial of Computer-Based Standardized Tests
  3. Universities that Adopted Qorrect preparing for Computer-Based Standardized Tests

1. History of Standardized Tests

1.1. Ancient Civilizations

According to research, the history of standardized tests may date back hundreds of years. First, the Greeks used it in the 4th and 5th centuries BC, when Socrates questioned his students to test them and enrich their dialogue and knowledge.

1.2. China

In the 5th century BC, Chinese imperial tests covered different subjects: mathematics, archery, writing, and knowledge of the rules of public and private ceremonies.

standardized tests - China exams

Kang, 1974, mentioned that essay writing has started from 622 until 1905 in China. Despite the fact that these tests were not unified in the beginning, the need for administering such tests nationwide helped gradually unify them.

Furthermore, China is still considered the queen of standardized tests. Its college admission standardized test is known to be the hardest and most nerve-wrecking in the world. The whole country holds its breaths for 12 hours over the period of 2 days: the time spent in the college admission standardized test.

1.3. Europe

Standardized tests administration started in Europe in the 17th century. The Europeans adopted the Chinese testing system. Employers first used it in the UK, testing candidates for possible positions.

Moreover, following the eruption of the industrial revolution, standardized tests system was established. This concept was further maintained when public compulsory education was implemented. This is due to the need for high quality, equal education for all.

1.4. The US

According to the Time, standardized tests spread in the US in the 19th century, in order to deal with the great number of examinees in all states. That step towards unified exams was significant as public education became a necessity and written tests replaced the oral ones, which used to be conducted only for the US elite students.

 different cultures - US exams

Since then, standardized tests have turned into a revolutionary symbol for the US commitment to public education. Therefore, they were mostly seen as the best way to deliver equity and equality in education using science.

Currently, the United States is widely known for its computer-based standardized tests (unified exams), like the SAT, conducted in most of its states (each state has its own standardized test). The United States is considered one of the top countries that use unified testing. This is because many believe they are more practical to assess the learning abilities and knowledge of students coming from all different cultures.

 

 NAPLEX test - US exams

 

For example, higher education graduates are not granted profession license unless they complete the NAPLEX computer-based standardized tests that are held twice a year for $100 at least. As for the NAPLEX test questions, they mainly include patients’ data for the examinees to check and the answer the questions.

1.5. Egypt

According to recent documented scientific reports, the Egyptian Higher Ministry of Education has decided to reorganize and modernize educational system in universities.

standardized tests - pharmacy faculty students

For example, one of these reports made in 2017 stated that the number of pharmacists in Egypt is “4 times the normal rate.” As a result, there is an urgent need of a new plan for our examination process.

Therefore, the Higher Ministry of Education has taken action and decided that pharmacy last-year students are to take profession licencing tests, as mentioned before in the US model.

2. The Ministry of Higher Education and Standardized Tests

Aiming at the implementation of the ministry’s plan, more than one trial were held to examine computer-based standardized tests.

We are excited that one of these trials was done using Qorrect assessment system. More than 3 thousand students from 21 Egyptian universities used Qorrect last March in the ministry’s trial of these tests.

The Higher Education Minister Professor Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghafar has followed up on the students performance and commended the trial:

“This exam was designed as per the international standards, as it efficiently and effectively assesses students abilities in different field with no human interference.”

Also, he continued that”the test is electronically graded to guarantee transparency, impartiality, and non-discrimination.”

Further, Qorrect assessment system not only creates unified computerized exams but also delivers them to students through computers, tablets, or phones, or even paper. It also offers all required data and reports to international academic accreditation organizations.

To know more about Qorrect, please press here.

3. Standardized Tests System: Egyptian Faculties Adopt Qorrect

 3.1. Qorrect in Tanta University

Qorrect is honoured to announce that Professor Dr. Tarek Fayed—Head of the Unit of Assessment and Evaluation—together with Dr. Manal Al Barmawy—Vice President of the Unit, Tanta University—has signed agreement with our team to apply the software in the Faculties of Medicine, Education, Law, and Literature.

(Read our article on “Cheating in Exams: Psychology behind It and How to Stop It?“)

3.2. Qorrect in Cairo University

On the other hand, Qorrect team was happy to meet, in the beginning of this month, Professor Dr. Mahmour Al Saeed—the Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University—and Professor Dr. Shahinaz— Laboratories Director—and their action team, to implement using the software application process in the faculty.

The faculty adopted Qorrect as an initiative to implement computer-based standardized tests, putting its trust in its unique efficiency, performance, and time-saving options in grading tests.

Finally, looking back is not considered living in the past, but giving greater value to our present and future. And we should learn from history that implementing computer-based standardized test is not the end. It is the first step we take in modernizing and re-evaluating our educational system.

Resources:

  1. https://cornellsun.com/2016/10/31/professor-emphasizes-weight-of-chinas-standardized-tests/.
  2. Developing and Validating Test Items, Thomas M. Haladyna, Michael C. Rodriguez, 2013.
  3. http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1947019,00.htm.
  4. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c50f/5d54eca3cb5355b786cdbe3a87fc16a981fe.pdf.
  5. http://www.nea.org/home/66139.htm.
  6. https://daily.jstor.org/short-history-standardized-tests/.
  7. http://www.nea.org/home/66139.htm.

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How to Help Students Choose the Right Career Path https://blog.qorrectassess.com/how-to-help-students-choose-the-right-career-path/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/how-to-help-students-choose-the-right-career-path/#respond Thu, 17 Oct 2019 15:41:12 +0000 http://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=130 Going to university may be only one of many stages in life, but it is the best time students can decide the right career path. That is, university is the one place you could take advantage of to socialize with and benefit from a variety of calibres, university professors, etc. College students are diamonds in …

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Going to university may be only one of many stages in life, but it is the best time students can decide the right career path. That is, university is the one place you could take advantage of to socialize with and benefit from a variety of calibres, university professors, etc.

College students are diamonds in the rough. Each has their own history, story, and perspective built on that. But many of them enter the university of their choosing feeling lost or stressed. (See our previous article “4 Ways a Perfect Assessment Boosts Higher Education Development“.)

assessment - choose the right career path

Moreover, higher education students may have many concerns regarding whether they have indeed chosen the right faculty, if they should change it now before they regret it, or what specialty they should to select afterwards.

Since university professors are more experienced in life and are more connected to the labour market, they are the best to help students. This is why university professors and educators believe that teaching students is not their only role.

They see that their job also includes understanding, listening to, and supporting students. So, here are some useful ways to follow in helping students find the right career path.

Table of Contents

1. Find the Right Career Path: Strengths-Colored Glasses

2. CliftonStrengths Assessment and the Labour Market

3. Qorrect: Unified Testing Program

1. Find the Right Career Path: Strengths-Colored Glasses

1.1. To Professors

Encourage students to view the world and themselves through ‘strength-colored glasses.’ The term ”strength-colored glasses’ was much talked about by Chip Anderson, a leading researcher in education and psychology.

As an alternative strategy, Chip once entered a conference room in his faculty and handed all the attending professors colorful plastic glasses. Then he challenged them to imagine seeing only their students’ ‘strengths’ through them.

Strengths-colored glasses-right career path

This is pure neuro-linguistic programming (NLP). No one will truly see strength, but this is a way for them to focus on it. If they focus only on students’ strengths they will not see their weaknesses. Consequently, they will be able to connect more with the students and help them.

Surprisingly, his strategy worked. Years later, many of those professors came to Chip’s funeral holding colorful plastic glasses in appreciation to his life-changing perspective.

1.2. To Students

If applied to students, this strategy would be a way for them to break the barriers that are stopping them from identifying themselves in their fullest potential. This may open up many opportunities for them.

Students-choose the right career path - assessment

For example, a student successfully used this strategy and considered it a life changer for him. Since he was young, he loved talking a lot. Unfortunately, he always considered himself a chatterbox. After applying this strategy, he found that he can use this quality to brainstorm new ideas by telling expressive, vivid stories.

Once students begin to view themselves differently, they will also start viewing their future differently. Hazel Markus, a psychologist at Stanford University, speaks about the concept of “possible selves.” They are ideas and images of ‘what you might become in the future.’ She theorizes that “this vision of what one can become motivates students to set and achieve goals.”

2. CliftonStrengths Assessment and the Labour Market

Many worldwide schools, universities, and even work institutions support conducting career assessments. Career assessments are done to help a person choose the right job or college specialty; some are free.

There are a variety of career assessments, but they mainly last for 20-40 minutes. Career assessments assess your weaknesses and strengths and offer students the right jobs for them.

CliftonStrengths-right career path

 

Source: Ant Moran–Crystal Echo Director

However, CliftonStrengths assessment is only about positive psychology. It focuses on the points of strengths in students. When they can recognize their strengths, they will be able to identify themselves, select the best strengths suitable for the labour market and work on them.

Many people think they have only one strength to use. Sometimes, weaknesses cloud their view of their own strengths. And many times this mistake is the reason students feel lost.

That’s why the assessment designers believed that focusing on strengths rather than developing weakness is the best way to excel and succeed in your career.

Further, they saw that everyone is born with a set of talents. These talents, when developed correctly, are then shaped to be strengths that are to be recognized and used to shape your future.

 “Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life,” Confucius.

The assessment has 34 strengths branching from 4 domains: executing, influencing, relationship building, and strategic building. 21 million has taken the assessment.

I have taken the assessment myself, and in my results were 5 themes. The test was very accurate for me and my only regret is not taking it when I was in college. It explained many things I unconsciously did and did not know the reason and how to take maximum advantage of—An editorial assistant explained.

3. Qorrect: Choosing the Right Career

One of the best ways advanced technology has reached showing the right career paths for students is Qorrect. So what is Qorrect? And how can it lead students to the right career paths or specialties?

Qorrect is a smart assessment system that works in three steps (at least). First, it helps you create a balanced exam. Second, it delivers it to examinees through multiple platforms (computers, tablets, smartphones, or even printed papers). Third, it analyzes the results in a few simple steps.

3.1. Qorrect’s Features and How They Help Students         

The computerized examination program has many features. However, one of its most unique features is that it stores, monitors, and tracks each student’s academic level, record, and information.

These features could be extremely useful in identifying the right career paths or specialties for students. Having all this data will assist college professors and educators in their helping their students.

Furthermore, Qorrect allows you to create exams based on the curriculum covered and the learning objective. It assesses exam items via wide variety of reporting and analytical tools and, then, offers item enhancement options. And it also connects cognitive and skills levels of the students with the exams.

Having these options will help students determine their priorities and what they want to become. It will save a lot of time for the examiners and the examinees. (Read “Cheating in Exams: Psychology behind It and How to Stop It?“)

Qorrect is now used in many faculties in Egypt. Recently, the Assessment and Evaluation Center in Tanta University agreed to implement Qorrect in 5 faculties: Medicine, Education, Law, and Literature.

 

Resources:

  1. StrengthsQuest: Discover and Develop Your Strengths in Academics, Career, and Beyond, Donald O. Clifton, Edward “Chip” Anderson, and Laurie A. Schreiner, Gallup Press, NY.
  2. Positive Psychology in a Nutshell: The Science of Happiness, Ilona Boniwell.

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Cheating in Exams: Psychology behind It and How to Stop It? https://blog.qorrectassess.com/cheating-in-exams-psychology-behind-it-and-how-to-stop-it/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/cheating-in-exams-psychology-behind-it-and-how-to-stop-it/#respond Mon, 30 Sep 2019 08:54:32 +0000 http://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=113 Cheating in exams has always been an issue the world’s education institutions have been trying to eliminate. And only recently did it get that much more necessary to stop it, due to the technological revolution and the use of Internet. To cheat, students use mobile phones, wireless ear-pieces, software, smart watches, etc. Further, some college …

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Cheating in exams has always been an issue the world’s education institutions have been trying to eliminate. And only recently did it get that much more necessary to stop it, due to the technological revolution and the use of Internet.

To cheat, students use mobile phones, wireless ear-pieces, software, smart watches, etc. Further, some college students even use more subtle—though still easily detectable—ways in exams, like buying papers online or even copy-pasting from sample essays.

Cheating in exams: assessments

Cheating is a type of academic dishonesty. It includes assisting another student in an exam without permission by professor, getting access of a test, or using unauthorized material in a test. (Read how a perfect assessment boosts educational development.)

1. Is There Ever an Excuse for Cheating in Exams?

According to Dr. Donald McCabe and the International Center for Academic Integrity, 68% of students admit to written or test cheating. These numbers only include US students; however, they are shocking enough for us to take a moment and seriously think about them.

However the outcome is, to deal with something, we need to look at the reasons behind it.

Source: The International Center for Academic Integrity

So why do students cheat in exams? Let us take secondary grade students as an example. Every year, secondary grade students worldwide are exposed to unbelievable amounts of pressure due to education policies.

In fact, many people have argued that being 16-17 years old, or even younger, is too early. It does not qualify for taking a life-altering decision about a career they will have five years later at least.

That’s why some see cheating is a right of their own. They see that most worldwide educational systems are not right and it is their way of objecting.

Despite understanding these reasons, cheating in exams remains unquestionably an unethical act in need of a resolution. But before we start looking for ways to resolve it, let’s first take a look on the psychology behind it.

2. Psychology Behind Cheating in Exams

According to psychology Professor Augustus Jordan, “as intrinsic motivation for a course drops, and/or as extrinsic motivation rises, cheating goes up.” He goes on saying that “The less a topic matters to a person, or the more they are participating in it for instrumental reasons, the higher the risk for cheating.”

Once a student is truly and intrinsically motivated, it shows. They are excited to be at the top of the class by their own effort. And vice versa, if a student is only attending class for the grades they get with no interest in the subject. They most likely will submit to cheating, if they have tendency to it.

However, some see that this point is not valid, since students would only go to school if they knew there is a reward for them: grades. Grades are the only incentive students have to study: if a student didn’t have good grades and didn’t study well, they will have to cheat.

psychology behind cheating in exams

Furthermore, some scientists even tried to tackle cheating in exam from different perspectives. They argued that male students participate in academic dishonesty and cheating in exams more than females.

According to Tianlan Wei et al., Elias and Saulsbury et al. stated that “female students view cheating as more unethical than their male peers do.” This view might get us into unending gender differences debates.

Also, being married was found to be another predictor, according to Whitely, 1998. Whitely stated that if you are a married student, your chances of cheating in exams would be much less than other single students.

Categorizing all the reasons behind cheating in exams might be a good thing, although these theories would never deny the fact that cheating defies all concepts of integrity and responsibility. So how do we stop it?

3. How Do We Stop It?

To eliminate cheating in exams, one should first delve deeper into the subjects taught. Once subjects and the strategies they are taught with are developed, a great percentage of cheating will drop. We will be giving students a better incentive, motivating them to study and work with integrity.

Connecting school and college subjects with the real world is the first way to stop cheating in exams. Moreover, educational institutions may need to consider encouraging the sense of awareness, responsibility, and integrity among students via different techniques and strategies.

 

Even though technology is why cheating in exams has become easier, it also is the tool different countries use to fight academic dishonesty. On the one hand, some countries used technology against cheating in exams in extreme ways.

Ethiopia

For example, Ethiopia had about a week-Internet  blackout in June 2019 as a measure against cheating. However, a one-day blockage of the Internet costs the country $4.5m at least.

China         

In China, drones, facial and fingerprint recognition, phone-signal blockers, and wireless detectors are used to prevent cheating in exams.

China: cheating in exams - drones
Source: Time.com Dong Life/Imaginechina

3. Advanced Software

On the other hand, other countries have started using software programs to positively counteract cheating in exams.

3.1. Ghostwriter

Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have designed an AI-powered program, that detects with a 90% accuracy copied texts. The software, Ghostwriter, searches for elements like language, sentence structure, and differences that suggest a different person wrote the text.

3.2. Qorrect

It is one of, if not, the best comprehensive assessment management software programs. The solution does an all-inclusive examination process without missing anything.

Qorrect automates the exam creation process using an automatic exam generation algorithm. The program fully prevents cheating in exams via multiple test forms and questions for the same exam, connecting them to the learning objectives.

What makes this software different than many others is that is not only allows MCQs but also MRQs, matching, true/false, fill-in-the-blanks, and ordering, as well as short-answer questions.

Though the program was only designed recently, it gained unprecedented success. It was used in a unified test in 21 faculties of medicine all over Egypt this year. (Read more about computerizing exams in Egypt here.)

Under the instruction of the higher minister of education and research, through the program all students were able to get the test results only a few minutes after the test.

Qorrect also provides detailed report and instant psychometric analysis for tests and students, respectively. Through these reports one can get accurate statistics of the overall performance and take reformative actions on them.

Yes, we must take restrictive, firm actions against cheaters. Yes, cheating prevention is not an easy undertaking. However, we must start doing this by advanced technology.

Qorrect was made and designed in Egypt. It’s a true success story of what advanced technology can do. It’s also a tangible proof of what Egyptians can do once they are given the right tools and education.

Check out our blog regularly to follow the best practices and the latest technological advancements in assessments. You can also check out our website to learn more about Qorrect Assess. 

Resources:

  1. How Students Use Technology to Cheat and What Faculty Can Do About It, Lisa Z. Bain, Information Systems Education Journal (ISEDJ) 13, 2015.
  2. University Students’ Perceptions of Academic Cheating: Triangulating Quantitative and Qualitative Findings, Tianlan Wei, Steven R. Chesnut, Lucy Barnard-Brak, and Marcelo Schmidt, Journal of Academic Ethics, 2014.

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4 Ways a Perfect Assessment Boosts Higher Education Development https://blog.qorrectassess.com/4-ways-a-perfect-assessment-boosts-higher-education-development/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/4-ways-a-perfect-assessment-boosts-higher-education-development/#respond Sun, 15 Sep 2019 11:32:16 +0000 http://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=80 Assessment and evaluation have, recently, taken the spotlight in the Ministry of Higher Education & Scientific Research efforts. This will help revive higher education development, connect it to the labour market, and achieve meaningful outcomes.  Assessment and evaluation should be the core of our focus in developing our universities to reach new levels of accreditation, students …

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Assessment and evaluation have, recently, taken the spotlight in the Ministry of Higher Education & Scientific Research efforts. This will help revive higher education development, connect it to the labour market, and achieve meaningful outcomes. 

Assessment and evaluation should be the core of our focus in developing our universities to reach new levels of accreditation, students and staff motivation, and empowerment. 

This is due to the fact that assessment measures student skills and knowledge in relation to the skills the labour market and employers need.

Higher education development & assessment

Table of Contents

  1. Assessments in Higher Education Development.
  2. MCQs: Assessment Question Items. 
  3. Higher Education Development: Cheating Prevention.
  4. Five-Minute University and Cognitive Overload.

1. Assessment in Higher Education Development

The notion of passing or not passing an assessment often defines how society views students: being successful or not, according to Rick Stiggins, the founder and retired president of the Assessment Training Institute in Portland, Orego.

However, there is much data to be considered when evaluating and assessing a student. By doing so, we will be able to reach a balanced assessment system. We have previously gone over assessments and “their Importance, Domains, and 4 of the Latest Methods for Assessing Student Performance.” 

Higher education reform: succeed or fail

1.1. How to Create the Perfect Exam?

To create a perfect exam, Qorrecta comprehensive assessment management solution—measures students’ cognitive levels and skills. Its tools track and monitor students’ learning records, certification, and information,  providing psychometric analysis and other statistics.

Moreover, it was designed to cover the curriculum, subjects, sections, and chapters. It also connects learning objectives with the assessment. As a result, we get extremely high-quality assessments for our universities. And students receive feedback as well, as part of the assessment process (We  discussed “Effective assessment and meaningful feedback: how to achieve them?” in a previous post.). The below image explain the assessment process in detail.

Perfect exam process: assessments

1.2. Egyptian Universities: Success of Unified Exam Computerizing

In an initiative to boost higher education reform, Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghafour—the Minister of Higher Education & Scientific Research—helped set in motion the start of computerizing exams in Egypt. Recently, he announced the success of the unified exam computerizing experience.

This successful experience included testing 3226 students in medicine faculties, in 21 Egyptian universities, using Qorrect. (“Computerizing Exams: Overview and Implementation in Egyptian Universities” was discussed previously).

Further, he acknowledged the assessment system in higher education development process. He clarified that it helps set unified standards for evaluating medicine students all over Egypt. Having such a system is a step forward for our higher education to use assessment as a stepping stone for deeper learning.

2. Are You for or against MCQs?

Throughout history and until this moment, scientists have debated the pros and cons of MCQs. Educators have either stood firmly against it or by it in regards to higher education development.

2.1. For

On the one hand, MCQs set certain standards for everyone to follow and save the time of both the examiner and the examinee. Moreover, a lot of assessment systems with OMR sheets use this type of questions and online exams were key to spreading MCQs more. Plus, it also prevents examiners from trying to decipher bad handwriting.

MCQs and education development

2.2. Against

On the other hand, researchers argue that MCQs are shallow. In their opinion, MCQs measure the superficial comprehension of students without sinking in deep enough. Also, Peter Hilton—Bletchley Park code-breaker—claimed that MCQs confused students. They do not reflect life itself. He says that sometimes life does not have options 1, 2, and 3. It may not give you the opportunity to choose. Though this view is somehow bleak, many researchers agree with Hilton. 

assessment questions & education development

Sometimes in multiple choice questions the student is even faced with more than one ‘good’ choice. He/she just has to choose the ‘better’ answer. And this does not happen in everyday life for a lot of people.

Furthermore, MCQs could make students waste time guessing the answer. If they didn’t know it, some see that they should instead go to the next question. This being said, according to the Independent, William Poundstone wrote a book about outguessing and outwitting MCQs using statistics. 

Poundstone gives the reader techniques on how to guess the correct answer. He was able to do this after examining 2456 multiple choice questions. Some of his techniques are looking at the other answers, “choosing the longest answer,” or narrowing down over your answer.

Higher Education Reform using Qorrect

Let us know whether you are for or against MCQs and whether they help in higher education development.

If you choose to stand against MCQs, you will find Qorrect is one of the few assessment systems that supports other types of questions beside it. Other than MCQs, it allows educators to create questions like MRQs, true/false, matching, ordering, fill-in-the-blanks, and short-answer questions.

3. Higher Education Development: Cheating Prevention

Academic security is number one priority, especially when considering higher education development.

Unfortunately, “A study by The Center for Academic Integrity found that almost 80% of college students admit to cheating at least once.” Plus, “A poll conducted by US News and World Reports found that 90% of students believe that cheaters are either never caught or have never been appropriately disciplined.”

Cheating and higher education development

Therefore, cheating prevention was one of the top focus points in the best assessment systems. For example, Qorrect provides multiple test forms and questions for the same exam. Qorrect also allows examiners to automatize their assessments with automatic exam generation algorithm. It prevents printing, screen capturing, and page saving.

4. Five-Minute University and Cognitive Overload 

In a widely viewed video of Father Guido Sarduccia Saturday Night Live, he sums up his view of university tests and assessments. He believes that a five-minute university is all a student could need, since many students come out to the job market not remembering much of what they took in university. 

For example, he goes on saying that a lot of economics students only remember “supply and demand.” And also business students would only remember that business is buying something and selling it for more, he says

In his make-believe university, you would only choose the subjects you like, and for only 20 dollars you will have tuition, snacks, graduation cap, and photos. Father Guido is only a fictional character played by an American comedian. However, his words might still strike as true in a lot of countries’ educational systems which depend on memorization and overloading students. 

One of the reasons memorization is still a significant concern is the cognitive overload students have to handle each year, a hindrance to higher education development. Many educators have noticed that college students’ cycle in assessments and tests consists of memorizing their lessons in order to spill them in tests and then forget all about them.

However, more and more universities are now employing e-learning and employing technological advances as well as educational management systems in higher education as means to lighten this cognitive overload.

This is a modern option for unburdening students of the unseen shackles forcing them to memorize their lessons, by providing other ways to do this

Recognizing the above, Qorrect was designed to support e-education platforms, all popular web browsers, and most mobile devices and tablets, as assessment can be performed on screen or pen and paper. Moreover, it integrates with Remark OMR products as well as LMS Software

Check out our blog regularly to follow the best practices and the latest technological advancements in assessments. You can also check out our website to learn more about Qorrect Assess. 

References:

  1. https://www.youm7.com/story/2019/1/20/وزير-التعليم-العالى-يوجه-بسرعة-الانتهاء-من-مشروع-الاختبارات-الإلكترونية/4111018.
  2. Balanced Assessment Systems: Redefining Excellence in Assessment, Rick Stiggins, 2006. 
  3. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/12/schools-standardized-testing-fail-students.
  4. https://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/24261/Complete.pdf?sequence=8.
  5. Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal, Humanistic Mathematics Network, 1992.

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Effective assessment and meaningful feedback: how to achieve them? https://blog.qorrectassess.com/effective-assessment-meaningful-feedback/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/effective-assessment-meaningful-feedback/#respond Wed, 22 May 2019 10:25:48 +0000 http://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=27 Have you ever thought about if you are carrying out effective assessment? Assessment plays the main role in monitoring the quality of education and the performance of students. However, it is not always fulfilling its purpose. It is a process of evaluation that requires meaningful, effective collection and analysis of data. In this article we discuss …

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Have you ever thought about if you are carrying out effective assessment? Assessment plays the main role in monitoring the quality of education and the performance of students. However, it is not always fulfilling its purpose. It is a process of evaluation that requires meaningful, effective collection and analysis of data. In this article we discuss how to carry out effective assessment and how to give meaningful feedback.

To carry out effective assessment, here are some suggestions you can follow:

  1. Be precise about the learning objectives and expectations, and make sure everyone knows them


    – How can you evaluate if something is working without knowing what it does exactly? Assessment should be used to make sure the learning objectives are fulfilled in a satisfactory manner, so teachers, students, and administrators must have a clear idea of what is being assessed.

    – Knowing the learning objectives and expectations was found the be one of the main ways to promote student ownership, as only then can they self-evaluate and be aware of their responsibilities. Administrators should also know what the learning expectations are to understand the outcomes of assessment is a meaningful way.

  2. Cater to different learning styles and customize assessments accordingly


    – Students
    learn differently
    from one another. This naturally results from different cultures, upbringings, or simply from genetics. As a result, it does not make sense to evaluate their performances using the same methods and according to the same metrics. Assessment can take many forms, like scrapbooks, portfolios, videos, meetings, and projects.
    – Teachers can also offer variety using different types of question in exams. By answering a variety of questions, students will have more opportunities to demonstrate their learning. Teachers can use assessment solutions to create such exams. For examples, they can use the Item Bank feature in Qorrect to store and classify many types of questions. They can also use Qorrect to customize the exam to satisfy different needs and styles, therefore making sure they are carrying out effective assessment.

  3. Know what the results mean


    – Having a list of grades for a certain exam can mean nothing without a context. Teachers should think about test results as a part of a bigger system. Yes, they indicate how students performed in the exam. However, they do not directly indicate if students understand the learning objectives. Results of a particular student should be interpreted while considering the student’s previous work, testing environment, and how other students are performing.

    – Results can also show what what the weaknesses and strengths of each student is based on which questions they weren’t able to solve and which learning objectives they weren’t able to achieve. Teachers can detect those areas of improvement using Qorrect and the many options of analysis it has. You can try a free basic version to see how Qorrect can help in your assessment process.

  4. Give meaningful feedback

    effective assessment
    – Feedback is a major part of assessment. It is the step of communication that teachers need to master in order to provide meaningful guidance to students. A
    study
    found that the type of feedback and the way it is given can change the effect of the feedback. 

These are some steps to follow to make sure the feedback you are giving is meaningful and effective:

  1. Be specific


    – Vague remarks only confuses students and overwhelms them. It is important to be specific when explaining to students how they performed in a test. For example, receiving a grade of 15/20 is completely different than receiving a report summarizing which learning objectives were met and which were not. This applies on positive feedback as well as negative ones. Students need to know what they are doing right in order to identify their positive habits and apply them.

  2. The sooner the better

    effective assessment
    – The later the feedback is given, the less useful it becomes. Research has found that students show signs of deeper understand and faster development when they receive immediate feedback. Qorrect can provide you with the necessary tools to obtain exam results right away. You can also use Qorrect to share these results to the students right away.

  3. Focus on progress and achievements


    – Feedback is best given within a context. Students need to understand where they are, where they started, and where they need to get. Showing students their progress and development over time will motivate them to work. It will also give them better understanding of what their grades mean. Moreover, working towards a certain goal will help them advance towards this goal. Instead of just studying for the exam, students will know the point behind the effort they exert and, as a result, feel encouraged to study more.

Effective assessment is a great way to develop the educational process, and meaningful feedback one of the most important components of assessment. To know more about the best practices of assessment, follow our blog. You can also check out Qorrect to learn more about how it can help your educational institution.

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Computerizing Exams: Overview and implementation in Egyptian Universities https://blog.qorrectassess.com/computerizing-exams-overview-egyptian-universities/ https://blog.qorrectassess.com/computerizing-exams-overview-egyptian-universities/#respond Mon, 20 May 2019 12:38:32 +0000 http://blog.qorrectassess.com/?p=50 Technology has been finding its way into all parts of education. Inside and outside the classroom, students and teachers have been using technologies to learn and teach more effectively. This revolutionization is also taking place within the domain of assessments through computerizing exams. Computerizing Exams in Egyptian Universities Some of the Egyptian universities, like Tanta University, have already …

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Technology has been finding its way into all parts of education. Inside and outside the classroom, students and teachers have been using technologies to learn and teach more effectively. This revolutionization is also taking place within the domain of assessments through computerizing exams.

Computerizing Exams in Egyptian Universities

computerizing exams

Some of the Egyptian universities, like Tanta University, have already computerized their exams already in some faculties, and the rest will follow. According to news outlets, the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Dr. Khalid Abdul Ghaffar, revealed the ministry’s recent project: computerizing exams in all Egyptian universities.

These efforts are considered an important step towards upgrading and integrating technology in the Egyptian higher education. Studies have found that the main motivation behind similar initiatives is to “desire to achieve greater efficiencies and to be contemporary and innovative”.

Here is an overview on computerized exams and their benefits:

What are computerized exams?

A computerized exam, or computer-based exam, is a form of examination in which technology is used. This term can include exams that are delivered on a computer or those that are printed and then graded using a computer.

This process usually requires a software that stores questions, customizes exams, and then grades them after they are solved. Qorrect does all of this and more. You can use Qorrect to create an exam then deliver it through any medium you want: computers, phones, or even paper. You can then use Qorrect to grade the exams and analyse the scores for a more efficient and accurate assessment process.

Advantages of computerized exams:

1) Customizability

Computerized exams can be customized according to as many factors as needed. Through computerizing exams, teachers can choose the level of difficulty, learning objectives, and many other characteristics of questions to create an exam that perfectly fits their students. Software assessment solutions like Qorrect can then create the exam according to those characteristics.

2) Cheating

Computerizing exams can help limit the opportunity of cheating in exams. By creating different versions of the exams, students will not be able to cheat from each other. Moreover, cheating from online resources can be avoided. When solving an exam on Qorrect, the computer is only allowed to view the exam screen until the student has finished. Therefore, teachers don’t need to continuously keep an eye on each computer screen while the students are solving the exam.

3) Flexibility

computerizing exams

Computerized exams can be delivered anywhere and anytime. Students can be allowed to take the exam at home or solve it on their phones. This can reduce stress and provide students with the opportunity to take their exam in a relaxed, comfortable environment. You can use Qorrect to deliver exams in paper form, on computers, online, or to students’ mobile phones.  

4) Feedback

One of the most important advantages of computerizing exams is immediate feedback. Studies show that students get to understand better and develop faster when they know how they performed right after taking the exam. Computerized exams facilitate this process as teachers don’t need to spend time grading. Instead, the right answers will be already programmed. Qorrect provides two options for immediate feedback. Teachers may choose to show the right answer to students either directly after each question or at the end of the exam.

5) Analysis

Computerized exams are also useful in understanding your students’ performance. , since their grades are also computerized, you can get a deep analysis of how students are developing. Using Qorrect, you can compute the minimum, maximum, and average scores. You can also compare between students and observe how each student is achieving throughout the school year.

6) Saving time and money

While getting an assessment solution may cost some money, it will actually save money on the long run. Not having to print anymore exams, schools will not spend any more money on examinations.

Computerized exams also save a lot of time for teachers. It was found that teachers spend at least ⅓ of their time grading assignments and exams. Imagine being able to save all this wasted time! Using computerized exams and grading solutions can easily solve this problem.

7) Environmental friendly

It was found that schools waste about 12KGs of paper on each student every year, which add up to about 2,800 sheets of paper. While it’s hard to drastically change the amount of paper schools use, it is not hard to stop wasting paper on exams. Computerized exams provide an environmentally friendly alternative to printing out exam papers for each student, for each subject.

As seen above, computerized exams have many advantages. It plays an important role in every step of the process of examination. From creating the exams till looking at the grades, computerized exams make the procedures both easier and more sophisticated. Qorrect can add efficiency and accuracy to creating exams, delivering them, and analysis exam results. To know more about Qorrect, check out website. You can request a free demo by clicking here.

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